Jewish holidays are special days of religious significance observed by the Jewish community. They
are based on the Jewish lunar calendar and occur on fixed or floating dates each year. Here are
some of the major Jewish holidays:
1)Rosh Hashanah: The Jewish New Year, observed for two days in the Hebrew month of
Tishrei. It is a time of reflection, prayer, and the sounding of the shofar (a ram's horn).
2)Yom Kippur: The Day of Atonement, occurring ten days after Rosh Hashanah. It is a solemn
day of fasting, prayer, and repentance.
3)Sukkot: The Feast of Tabernacles or Booths, celebrated for seven days (eight in the
Diaspora) in Tishrei. Jews build and dwell in temporary outdoor structures called sukkahs.
4)Simchat Torah: Celebrated immediately after the conclusion of Sukkot, this holiday marks
the completion and restarting of the annual Torah reading cycle.
5)Hanukkah: Also known as the Festival of Lights, celebrated for eight days in the month of
Kislev. It commemorates the miracle of the oil in the rededication of the Second Temple.
6)Purim: Celebrated in the month of Adar, Purim commemorates the salvation of the Jewish
people from the plot of Haman, as recorded in the Book of Esther.
7)Passover (Pesach): Observed for seven (eight in the Diaspora) days in the month of Nisan.
It commemorates the Israelites' liberation from slavery in Egypt.
8)Shavuot: Celebrated in the month of Sivan, it marks the giving of the Torah to the Israelites
at Mount Sinai.
9)Tisha B'Av: A day of fasting and mourning, observed in the month of Av, commemorating
the destruction of the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem.
These are the major Jewish holidays, but there are also minor observances and fast days throughout
the Jewish calendar. The dates of the holidays may vary from year to year in the Gregorian calendar
because they are based on the lunar calendar. Jewish holidays are significant for religious, cultural,
and historical reasons, and they are observed by Jews around the world